Here is the viaduct (a structure to allow a train to pass over a body of water) Mina mentions in the beginning of the chapter as she is describing the small city of Whitby – it was built in 1885, so it would have been a new construction when she wrote about it.
She contrasts that with Whitby Abbey, the ruins of a monastery that was over a thousand years old:
Whitby Abbey is where, in the poem by Sir Walter Scott, a nun who breaks her vows of chastity to live with a wicked man is punished by being walled up behind bricks to live out the rest of her life.
Here are some modern views of the city; you can see how it is surrounded by water and dominated by the abbey.
And here are some old photographs of what it would have looked like closer to the time that Mina was writing.
Students often also have trouble with the section of this chapter written in the traditional Yorkshire accent. Here’s a quick video of what that would have sounded like.
And in honor of Renfield, a trip back to kindergarten.